On 26 May 2017, three men tried to defend a pair of teenage girls, one wearing a head scarf, when a self-described white nationalist shouted anti-Muslim and racial slurs at them on a commuter train in Portland, Oregon. The aggressor reacted by pulling out a knife and slashing all three men in the neck, killing two and seriously wounding the third. Given the risk of standing up to hate, is there an ethical obligation to do so?
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